Dogs and communication
Being social animals, dogs communicate collectively in a lot of ways. Sometimes, their voices are employed to bark, yip, or howl to their fellow canines, but most of the time, they use their bodies to say what they should be say.
A 2018 study states that, while what they mean to “say” toward each other cannot be exactly translated to what they’re saying to us, dogs use their entire body to deliver signals for other dogs to decode, like asking for permission to eat, warning a dog to keep her distance, or even to simply express their adoration for another.
Additionally, certain odors and functions, like urinating or defecating, send signals that belongs to them and can be left as messages for other dogs to receive even if that dog is not around.